“The Hitchhiking Game” explores the idea of personas in relationships through the perspectives of a young couple simply referred to as “the girl” and “the young man.” While both characters begin the game amused and optimistic, they reach a limit for it at different points in the story.
At the beginning of the story, the girl is self-conscious and represses the sexual aspect of her personality, both by society’s expectations and her own. The hitchhiking game offers her the benefit of escaping and expressing the repressed aspects of her personality in a seemingly low-risk scenario. She is able to adopt the persona of the type of woman she believes the young man is attracted to and, in doing so, is given the benefit of working out many of her insecurities and overcoming her inhibitions.
The game stops being fun for the girl towards the end of the story when the young man spontaneously takes her to a hotel. He begins treating her as a sexual object, rudely ordering her around and making hurtful remarks. She pleads with him to remember she is still the woman he fell in love with and her personality hasn’t really changed, even if she has been playing a different role. At this point, she realizes her lover is attracted to her persona of innocence, while she herself is a multi-dimensional person. In this sense, the hitchhiking game benefits the girl by allowing her to express herself as a whole person. It also provides a stinging revelation about the conditionality of her partner’s love for her.
The Young Man
The young man reaches his tolerance for the hitchhiking game much sooner than the girl does. He is almost immediately put off by what he perceives as her overtly sexual behavior. He does find himself more physically attracted to her, however, and enjoys the game on a superficial level in the very beginning. He acknowledges, if only to himself, that although he has had many casual encounters with other women, he never respected them. He is fond of the girl because he perceives her as a somewhat one-dimensional symbol of purity and innocence. Her innocence is what he values most, and when she abandons it in favor of the persona of a seductress, she loses value in his eyes. The game ceases to be fun for him when he realizes how enthusiastically the girl has taken to this new role, dashing his perception of her as being different from the other women he has known.
Both the girl and young man benefit from the hitchhiking game in their respective ways. The climax of the story involves an emotional outburst in which the girl begs the young man to see her for who she is. In return, he is forced to acknowledge, somewhat grudgingly, that he has placed her on an impossible pedestal. The game is no longer fun for either of them, but it does give the young couple deeper insight into themselves and their relationship.
This detail tells us several crucial things about government in this story.
First, it tells us the government in this story is still technically the government of the United States. This is not some alien world or another country with a different legal tradition.
This also suggests the oppressive actions the government in this story take come from principles and ideals that already exist in the United States.
Third, the number 213 is extremely high. Right now, there have only been 27 amendments to the Constitution, and when Vonnegut wrote the story, there were even fewer (22). This means there has been a tremendous amount of change in the intervening years. The government in this society has introduced change after change, modification after modification. It suggests democracy is out of hand, and the people are making changes to get what they want that ignore the core principles upon which America was founded.
Finally, this means this is a government that keeps the appearance of legitimacy, but which is now hollow. This fits the story; the kind of equality the handicappers enforce is not the kind written into the original Declaration of Independence or Constitution.
The first thing you want to consider is whether you are writing a paper about the US bombing of Hiroshima or about Obama’s decision to visit Hiroshima. These are really two distinct topics (the bomb, after all, was dropped before Obama was born).
Next, you need to consider the genre of your paper. An expository paper generally does not have a thesis, as it simply recounts information. An argumentative paper is the type of paper that has a thesis statement. The thesis is the point which the paper is arguing. A good thesis is a point where there are plausible arguments on both sides of the question. You could not argue about the date the bomb was dropped, for example, as there is a single correct answer (August 6, 1945).
Your idea of comparing and contrasting the Pope’s speech to Obama’s has good potential. You might argue the thesis that many of the differences between their speeches could be attributed to the difference in their positions, with one being the leader of a world religion and one being the leader of a nation with constitutionally mandated separation of church and state.
Prior to the end of the Civil War, slavery was common in Mississippi. Like in other southern states, large plantations produced cotton and other crops. Slaves made up almost the entire workforce on plantations. Typically, overseers were the only white employees on a plantation. Some slaves worked in and around the plantation house, while most worked in the fields. These slaves planted, cared for, and harvested crops.
Mississippi relied on a primarily agricultural economy. Without slave labor, Mississippi farmers and plantation owners would have been without workers. The agricultural industry depended on slave labor.
Slaves generally lived in harsher conditions in Mississippi than in other slave states. Emancipation was prohibited in most cases. Few freed blacks lived in the state, and because of this almost all paying jobs were held by whites.
After the Civil War, plantation owners had to pay their workers. The sharecropping system rose in popularity during this time. Former slaves became sharecroppers. Many Mississippi plantation owners faced financial hardships after the Civil War.
In an exchange between Giles Corey, John Proctor, and Reverend Parris in Act One, Parris complains he has been waiting for the firewood he claims is part of his contract. Giles corrects him, saying, “You are allowed six pounds a year to buy your wood, Mr. Parris.” Parris disagrees, saying “I regard that six pound as part of my salary. I am paid little enough without I spend six pound on firewood.”
Parris’s greed seems evident when he uses the word “regard” to describe the six pounds allotted for firewood. Despite what his contract indicates, he clearly believes he should be paid more, telling John “The salary is sixty-six pound, Mr. Proctor!”Parris goes on to describe himself as a Harvard graduate, “not some preaching farmer.” This is an insult to Giles and John, who are both farmers. Parris’s attitude is not typical of a Puritan; their philosophy was that one should lay up treasures in Heaven, not concern oneself with worldly gain.
The narrator’s lover in the famous poem by Edgar Allan Poe, “Annabel Lee,” is the title character. Over the course of the poem, the narrator relates that Annabel Lee was chilled in line 14, which eventually killed her. He says, “the wind came out of a cloud by night, / chilling and killing my Annabel Lee” (25-26). As a result, her cold body was then taken away to be placed in a tomb by her family in lines 27-30.
The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines “chill” as “a cold feeling” and also as “an illness that makes you feel cold.” In this context, the word “chill” is probably meant to be taken in both ways. The wind made Annabel Lee cold, which made her weak enough to catch an illness that killed her and thereby left her a corpse without the warmth of life. Alternatively, the cold wind might simply have made her so cold she died.
The narrator explicitly blames this unexpected death upon the angels in lines 11-12 and 21-23. (The word “seraph” in line 11 refers to a type of angel.) The narrator says that the angels are covetous because they are less happy in Heaven than he and Annabel Lee are together. In Christianity, angels are said to dwell in Heaven, which Merriam-Webster also defines as “a place or condition of utmost happiness.” Yet, in lines 21-22, the narrator writes that they are “not half so happy in Heaven.” By stating that the angels are jealous of his love with Annabel Lee, the narrator is implicitly saying that his love was greater than the greatest happiness. According to the narrator, then, Annabel Lee was killed and separated from him by angels jealous of their impossibly happy love.
There have been many examples of media bias in the coverage of the election for the presidency this year. One recent example of bias dealt with the health of Hillary Clinton. The Trump campaign has made many statements about the health of his opponent. If people believe that Hillary Clinton has health issues, this could influence their vote.
Last weekend, Hillary Clinton suffered a health issue after she attended a ceremony remembering the events of September 11, 2001. It was reported and determined that she had pneumonia and needed to rest in order to get better.
When CBS News interviewed her husband, former President Bill Clinton, he caught himself in mid-sentence saying that these medical issues have happened frequently. When CBS News originally ran the interview, the slip of the tongue by former President Clinton was omitted. This clearly changed the dynamic of the story. If people believe that the medical situation last Sunday is a frequent occurrence, they might have concerns about voting for her. If people dont have that knowledge, they might think this was a one-time, isolated event.
While CBS News did play the full video clip the next day, other news organizations continued to use the original, edited clip. The source I listed provides both the edited and the unedited clip of this interview.
I will give you one other example of media bias. This goes back to the late 1890s and the Spanish-American War. Newspapers, like the
New York World
New York Journal
, over exaggerated stories about events that were happening in Cuba. The stories made the Spanish mistreatment sound worse than it was. They also blamed the Spanish for the explosion and sinking of the
. They also glorified Teddy Roosevelts role in the war. He didnt ride up San Juan Hill. He actually walked up San Juan Hill. These newspaper stories help turn American public opinion against Spain and helped put pressure on President McKinley to have the United States declare war on Spain.
It is great that you have set as your professional goal to work to eliminate media bias. There are many people who think there is too much bias in the media today.
Sam Patch was a daredevil/stuntman who grew up in extreme poverty, working as a child in a textile mill alongside other family members and friends. Many textile factories in the early 1800s used water falls to provide the power necessary to run the machinery. The factory where Sam Patch worked as a boy was located near Pawtucket Falls in Rhode Island. The boys dared each other to jump into the falls from the top of the mill. It was a pass time for bored child laborers, but they perfected the jumping craft.
In his 20s, Sam Patch moved to Paterson, New Jersey, taking a job in a textile mill there. He began jumping into the Passaic Falls, where Paul E. Johnson speculates his first two jumps were of a socio/political nature, i.e., class consciousness. His first jump was purportedly to protest the opening of a private park for the upper middle class and elite to enjoy without having the working class in their midst. Sam’s jump drew attention from the aristocrats opening the bridge to the park as people watched him instead of paying attention to the elitist opening ceremony. His second jump was also a supposed political statement in support of factory workers protesting a change in their lunch hour.
Whatever the reasons for Sam Patchs jumping, he became famous as a hero of the working man after his first two jumps into the Passaic Falls. He used that fame to make his stunts into a commercial enterprise. However, his career as a stuntman ended after a few short years when he jumped to his death at Genesee Falls in New York in November, 1829. He turns up as a legendary hero for the working class in childrens books and literature as well as poetry. Most notably, he was a subject in the works of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Herman Melville, and Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Some may say the overarching theme of Sam Patchs life was the struggle of the working class versus the middle class and elites. As a poor, uneducated millworker, Patch likely could never have been anything but a poor working class American without his stuntman feats. There was little hope for upward mobility in the small, impoverished factory towns of early 19th century America.
At the time, however, factions in the Democrat-Republican party were calling for more democracy for the common man. Opposition to elitist politics was championed by Andrew Jackson who promoted equal rights for white men in America. Jacksonian Democracy is pitted against the monied interests of corporations, commercial banks, and private interest. In the Northeast, where Sam Patch lived and worked, the yeoman farmer and artisan economy was being squashed by cash-crop farming and capitalist factories.Sams father was supposedly an artisan shoemaker who was forced out of business and into the factories by capitalists.
The story of Sam Patch delves into American socio-economic culture and history so that American history becomes a personal story, not just the story of a nation.
This is the chapter in which Jem and Scout are attacked as they cross the dark schoolyard on their way home from the pageant. The tone is ominous. It is a tone of slowly building tension and confusion. Even after the attack happens, the tension and confusion do not completely dissipate. They continue until the end of the chapter, when we find out from Mr. Heck Tate that Bob Ewell attacked the children, and that Bob Ewell has been stabbed dead.
The ominous tone is created against a homey backdrop. There is humor in the first few pages of the chapter, when Mrs. Merriweather narrates her overblown pageant about Maycomb County, and Scout blunders onto the stage, late, in her ham costume. Before the children even get to the pageant, Harper Lee has already given us clues this will be a scary evening.
On the way to the school, walking by the old Radley place, Jem and Scout discuss how they used to be scared of Boo Radley and haints. Scout, in her narration, adds, “Haints, Hot Steams, incantations, secret signs, had vanished with our years as mist with sunrise.” Yet, the next moment she tells Jem to “Cut it out” when he talks about haints. A moment later, she trips on a tree root (foreshadowing what will happen later). There is some discussion about how remote the old oak tree is from all buildings except the Radley place, and how dark it is under the tree. Cecil Jacobs then jumps out and scares Jem and Scout. This is the classic “decoy” jump scare that sets us up for the real thing later.
After the pageant, the two children begin to walk home across the schoolyard by themselves. Tension and confusion are taken up a notch because Scout, who is narrating the story, is still in her ham costume and can’t see out of it. Jem is leading her. Then the tension builds rapidly as the children begin to hear someone following them. There are many little phrases in this section to give us a clue that something is not right:
And so on.
When the actual attack comes, Scout (and by extension, the reader) still cannot really tell what is going on.
After the attack, as she makes her way back to the house, following the mysterious man who is carrying Jem’s body, Scout still does not know what really happened. (It will take the next few chapters for everyone to sort out the logistics of what happened.) When she first returns to the house, her question is, “Is Jem dead?” The adults in the house are just as confused as Scout. Aunt Alexandra is so distracted that she hands Scout her overalls to put on (Aunt Alexandra hates Scout’s overalls, and prefers she wear dresses).
The confusion, and hence the tension of not knowing exactly what happened, continues until the very end of the chapter. People come and go, including the doctor and Heck Tate. When Heck Tate gets there, he takes his time revealing the identity of the man under the tree. This keeps the ominous tone going until the very last line of the chapter.
Steve Harmon’s lawyer, Kathy O’Brien, successfully wins the case by presenting Steve in a positive light. She not only encourages Steve but also gives him advice on how to act in the courtroom that will sway the jury’s opinion of him. She also goes over the questions he will answer while he is on the witness stand which helps Steve win the case.
Although Kathy supports Steve and wants him to be found not guilty, their relationship is strictly professional.
Steve wants to know Kathy on a personal level, but she is reluctant to disclose aspects of her personal life. At the end of the novel, Steve is found not guilty and turns to hug Kathy. However, Kathy backs away from him and looks at Steve like he is a “monster.”
Her reaction suggests that she believes that Steve is guilty of participating in the crime and is not interested in becoming friends.
Steve is hurt by her reaction and continues to struggle with his identity.